- using /j/ "y" (job sounds like yob)
- using /ʒ/ instead (page sounds like pazh)
- using /tʃ/ "ch" (devoicing - Judge sounds like chuch)
The most common errors for /dʒ/ are:
One challenge that the /dʒ/ "j" sounds presents for pronunciation is that it is not always spelled the same way. The most common spellings are the letters J and G at the start of words, and the letters -ge and -dge at the ends of words. Sometimes in the middle of words, there are some "hidden" j sounds. Below, find examples of the spelling of /dʒ/ in the middle of words.
as j: enjoy - injure - major - majority - object - project - reject - subject
as ge/gi/gy: agency - apologize - biology - danger - energy - engineer - imagine - intelligent - longitude - Los Angeles - magic - pigeon - register - refrigerator - original - region - Roger - strategy - technology - urgent - vegetable - Virginia
as dj: adjust as dge: badger - budget
as d: education, educate, graduate, gradual, individual, procedure, soldier, fraudulent
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